LANCASHIRE, YORKSHIRE & CHESHIRE
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The Lancashire, Yorkshire & Cheshire Basset Hound Club (LYC BHC) is registered with the Kennel Club (KC) and abides by KC guidelines. It holds all its shows in accordance with KC rules and regulations and endorses the good canine practices that the KC promotes. The LYC BHC firmly believes in the KC slogan "fit for function, fit for
life". It provides its members with the knowledge and education necessary to ensure that Basset Hounds live healthy and happy lives with well-informed and experienced owners.
You cannot mention Cheshire without giving some quodos to the ‘Cheshire Cat’ of Alice in Wonderland fame. The phrase appeared in1788 and was purported to mean that it referred to anyone who showed is/her teeth and gums while laughing. It is also said that cheese was sold in Cheshire moulded like a cat who was grinning. The cheese was cut from the tail end so that the head of the smiling cat was kept until last. There are reports that Lewis Carroll found inspiration in the 16th century sandstone carving of a grinning cat on the west face of St Wilfrid’s Church Tower in Grappenhall, a town adjacent to Carroll’s birthplace. St Christopher’s Church in Pot Shrigley has a sandstone sculpture most closely resembling the pictoral cat in the book.
Cheshire - a brief history
The County of Cheshire is situated in the North West of England, the city of Chester is the county town although near by Warrington is much larger. The county is bordered by Merseyside, Greater Manchester to the north, and Welsh county Flintshire to the west. To the east is Derbyshire with Staffordshire and Shropshire to the south. The population of Cheshire is much lower than its bordering counties; it is mostly rural county with small towns and villages dotted throughout. It contains rolling hills, sweeping valleys and beautiful serene landscapes. Cheshire’s name was first recorded in the Anglo Saxon Chronicles, it is thought that Edward the elder created the county around 920, however its name first appears earlier and it is recoded in the Doomsday Book. Because of its close proximity to the welsh border, there is a history of interaction between Cheshire and Wales.
At Bridgestones , near Congleton prehistoric burial grounds have been discovered, along with remains of Iron Age hill forts found at several other locations in the county , the earliest building works remaining above ground are at Chester and are the remains of the Roman Fortress. After the Norman Conquest of 1066 there was resistance to William, but by 1069 all resistance was finally overcome and draconian measures were taken to ensure the native Saxons knew the futility of further resistance. Over the years the county lost ground to either Wales or Lancashire, even Merseyside, but in 1397 because of the support given to Richard II, by about 500 men of ‘the Cheshire Guard’ the King’s title was changed to King of England and France, Lord of Ireland and Prince of Chester. No other English county has been honoured in this way. Unfortunately when Richard fell in 1399 this title was lost.
Cheshire has distinctive red sandstone which was used for many monumental and ecclesiastical buildings throughout Cheshire - Beeston Castle and Chester Cathedral to name just two, it was also used in the construction of Liverpool Cathedral. Many buildings from the 15th - 17th centuries are timbered, particularly those in the southern part of the county - Little Moreton Hall is an example of a moated manor house dating to around 1450. Other buildings of interest, although perhaps not quite as old are Tatten Park, Peover Hall and the Pied Bull Hotel all of which are constructed out of brick although they are faced or dressed with stone, fancy chimney stacks ad gables can be found at Arley Hall, Willington Hall and Overleigh Lodge. The Victorians incorporated brick and timber in a mock Tudor style which was used at Waters Green New Mill.
The Cheshire Gap which separates the hills of North Wales and the Peak District of Derbyshire is a plain of boulder clay; the area is dotted with kettle holes, known locally as meres. The eastern half of the county has vast salt deposits and they were mined for hundreds of years. To the west is a prominent ridge called the Mid Cheshire Ridge its footpath runs for some 55km (34 miles). This sandstone trial follows the ridge from Frodsham to Whitchurch passing Delamere Forest, Beeston Castle and the Iron Age hill forts.Chester was named Deva Victrix in 79 AD during the reign of Emperor Vespasian and the four main roads into the city today Eastgate, Northgate, Watergate and bridge still follow the early routes of 2,000 years ago. A vicus (Settlement) grew up around the fortress, there is an amphitheatre, probably the largest of its kid built in the 1st century and capable of seating between 8/10,000 people. After the romans left in the early 5th century the Saxons gave the city its present name and fortified the town against the Danes. Chester was one of the last towns in England to fall to Normans during the Norman Conquest. William the Conqueror had a castle built to dominate the area. It was William who created the 1st Earl of Chester.
Chester still has one of the best preserved city walls many of which are Grade 1 and still complete. It played a major part in the Industrial Revolution its development of the railways, canals and new roads made it very wealthy. Crewe Railway Station was built in 1840 and was the centre of the British Railway Network and to this day remains a major railway junction. The Cheshire canal system was originally used to transport the county’s industrial products but now it is used mostly for leisure and tourism. The Cheshire ring takes in Rochdale, Ashton, Peak Forest, Macclesfield, Trent, Mersey and Bridgewater canals. A 36 miles stretch know as the Manchester Ship Canal consists of the rivers Irwell and Mersey which made it possible for ocean going ships to navigate to Manchester, leaving the estuary passing through the north of the county via Runcorn and Warrington. Crewe is also the home of some prestige cars manufactured in the area, Bentley, Rolls Royce, Jaguar and Vauxhall to name just a few. During WWII these factories were turned over to making munitions as well as aircraft such as the Lancaster and Avro Bombers and the Nimrod.
Cheshire is also known as a sporting county, it has two league football teams and Cheshire County Cricket Club, every year they the largest motorcycle event takes place in Northwich. Chester Racecourse holds meetings several months of the year during the flat season which includes the prestigious Chester Vase which is said to be the trial for the famous Epsom Derby. Chester HC is a famous Hockey Club; Deva Handball Club has one of the largest handball followings in the country. The River Dee is home to several Rowing Clubs the Grovenor, Royal Chester and two school clubs the King’s School and Queen’s Park High and a weir is used by number of local canoe and kayak clubs. The Chester Raft Race is also held on the River Dee in aid of charity during the month of July. The county has been home to many notable sportsmen and women and are very proud of its ties with mountaineer George Mallory, who died on Mount Everest in 1924, Olympic Oarsman Matthem Langridge and marathon runner the much acclaimed Paula Radcliffe.
The county has produced many notable musicians including Sir Adrian Bolt musical conductor, concert pianist Stephen Hough, it was home to writer such as Elizabeth Gaskell and the famous Lewis Carroll who was born and raised in Daresbury. Actors include Dame Wendy Hillier, the 6th James Bond - Daniel Craig and Russ Abbot, musician, comedian and actor. Chester has its own brass band formed in 1853 - known as the Blue Coat Band and now as the city of Chester Band. Its members wear a blue-jacketed uniform with an image of the famous Eastgate Clock on the breast pocket. It has its own Choir with 170 members. There are three choirs in total supported by the Youth Choir, the Youth, Preludes and Alumni Choir and there are six concerts held every year.
Tourism is very strong within the county and is considered to be a very affluent county which includes the areas of Alderley Edge, Wilmslow, Prestbury, Tamporley and Knutsford. It would appear there is a tale regarding affluence and Knutsford was named in 2006 as the most expensive area following Altrincham who won second place. The area is often reffered to as the Golden Triangle. Tatton Park is an award wining estate which receives some 750,000 visitors each year, many visitor return time and time again, it was named Cheshire’s largest visitors attraction of the year in 2004, 2005, 2009 and 2010. It has a large deer population in its 1,000 acres of park land. Deer has roamed Tatton since the 13th century. Tatton Park is now owned by the National Trust. The trust works tirelessly to preserve and protect coastlines, countryside and buildings within England, Wales and Northern Ireland.There are many activities held at Tatton Park two of which are the RHS Flower Show in July and the Halle Firework and Light Spectacular also held in July. Cheshire County Show held at Tabley House Knutsford is the largest two day show in England’s North West and attracts over 80,000 visitors to the showground each year. There is a large equestrian section, farm livestock classes, a dog show, flower show, a superb food hall which is renown for its cheeses and crafts where shopper can find all sorts of fair including those interested in country pursuits. The Cheshire Cheese Campaign won a Gold Award at the 2009 County Show with their entry in the cheeseboard category. Called the Cheshire Cat it contained white coloured and Blue Cheshire Cheese all made locally. Cheshire Cheese is one of the oldest recorded named cheeses in British history registered in 1850 although the importance of Cheshire as a main dairy region was mentioned as early as 1125. IN the 18th century Cheshire cheese was the most popular on the market, so much so that in 1785 the Royal Navy ordered that ships be stocked with Cheshire and Gloucester Cheese. There are different varieties of Cheshire cheese depending on their age, the younger fresher crumbly cheese was sold locally, whereas the harder cheese would stand the rigours of transport in the early days either by horse and cart or latterly by boat. There is an International Cheese Show held at Nantwich each year.